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Alcohol consumption and healthy ageing: more research needed

The aging population is growing. Therefore, it is important to examine the impact of lifestyle factors on the aging process. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates the association of alcohol consumption (and smoking) with healthy ageing. Compared to non-drinkers, drinkers had a slightly higher chance to age healthily. However, results should be interpreted with caution. The study is published in the scientific journal BMJ Open. Read more

More research needed on effect of alcohol consumption on gastrointestinal cancer survival

Alcohol consumption is an established risk factor for the development of certain types of cancer. A new systematic review looks into the role of alcohol on the survival prognosis among patients with gastrointestinal cancer. The results, published in the scientific journal Best Practice and Research: Clinical Gastroenterology, show that light alcohol consumption probably does not have a negative effect on the survival prognosis. Read more

Healthy lifestyle, including moderate alcohol consumption, lowers the risk of CVD and mortality in older women

A healthy lifestyle lowers the risk of cardiovascular diseases and mortality. A new meta-analysis looks at four lifestyle factors, including alcohol consumption, among middle-aged and elderly women specifically. The results indicate that a healthy lifestyle, including moderate alcohol consumption, lowers the risk of cardiovascular diseases and mortality. The study is recently published in the European Journal of Epidemiology. Read more

Meta-analyses on the association between alcohol and skin cancer: no firm conclusions

Two meta-analyses recently investigated the association between alcohol and two types of skin cancer. Both studies carefully conclude that each glass of alcohol could increase the risk of these specific types of skin cancer. It is still unknown whether alcohol causes this effect or that other confounding factors play a role. The underlying mechanism is also unknown. More research is therefore necessary before strong conclusions can be drawn. The results are published in the scientific journals British Journal of Dermatology and European Journal of Nutrition. Read more

Unclear conclusion on the association between alcohol consumption and risk of hypoglycaemia in type 1 diabetes

People with type 1 diabetes are usually advised, if they drink alcohol, to drink in moderation with a meal. A recent systematic review looks at the effect of alcohol on blood glucose levels in people with type 1 diabetes. More research is needed to draw clear conclusions about this association. The results are published in the scientific journal Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews. Read more

Alcohol consumption and blood cancers

A new meta-analysis looks at the association between alcohol consumption and different types of hematological malignancies (blood cancers). A significant protective effect was found for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This association was specifically found when consuming beer. The results of this study were recently published in the scientific journal International Journal of Cancer. Read more

Alcohol and sleep apnoea

Obstructive sleep apnoea is characterized by short interruptions of breathing while sleeping. The overall advice with this disorder is not to drink too much alcohol. This is a first meta-analysis looking at the scientific evidence. The data suggest that alcohol consumption is indeed associated with a higher risk of sleep apnoea. Clear conclusions are limited and more research is needed. The results were published in the scientific journal Sleep Medicine. Read more

Meta-analysis on the association between alcohol and uterine myoma

Uterine myoma is a benign tumor in the muscle tissue of the uterus. A recent meta-analysis, published in the scientific journal PLoS ONE, looks at the association between myoma and alcohol consumption in women. However, data is limited and more research is needed to draw a clear conclusion. Read more

Effect of alcohol consumption on female fecundability: a meta-analysis

Alcohol consumption seems to have a negative effect on the probability of becoming pregnant during one single menstrual cycle. Every 12.5 g alcohol per day (one large glass) decreases the fecundability in women with 2%. That is the conclusion of a first meta-analysis and systematic review that was recently published in the scientific journal Scientific Reports. Read more

Meta-analyses: light to moderate alcohol consumption seems to decrease risk of gastric cancer whilst higher alcohol consumption increases it

Heavy alcohol consumption can increase the risk of gastric cancer (both in men and women), while light to moderate alcohol consumptive could decrease this risk (especially in women). Heavy consumption of spirits seems to be associated with the highest risk of gastric cancer. That is the conclusion of three meta-analyses that were recently published in the scientific journal Oncotarget Read more

First meta-analysis on the association between alcohol and local enlargement of the abdominal aorta

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a cardiovascular disease where the aorta in the abdomen is larger than normal. A recent meta-analysis, published in the scientific journal British Journal of Surgery, looks at the association between alcohol consumption and this disease. The researchers found a lower risk when consuming 10-15g alcohol per day. More research is needed to further investigate the association. Read more

Alcohol consumption and frailty among elderly: a meta-analysis

The number of elderly is growing in Europe. Two recent studies looked at the association between alcohol consumption and frailty among this group. Elderly who consume alcohol (up to 40 g/day) appear to have a lower risk of frailty compared to their non-drinking peers. It is unclear what causes this association and whether confounding factors are playing a role. The results were recently published in the scientific journals Age and Ageing and Bioscience Trends. Read more

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